Madrid has been the capital of Spain since the 17th century.

The name Madrid comes from the arabic "magerit" which means 'place of many streams'.

The population of Madrid was 950 000 in 1900 now it is over 3 million.

Madrid is 300 km from the sea Madrid has been officially declared as one of the "greenest" cities in Europe. However, greenery is not its only pride.

Madrid is located on a plateau 650 metres above sea level. It is the highest capital city in Europe.

Madrid has three art galleries in close proximity called the Golden Triangle, they consist of the Pradowhich has four thousand works of art including Botticelli, El Bosco, Velazquez and Goya. The Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza features works by Renoir and Van Eyck. The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia completes the triangle, this gallery houses twentieth century Spanish art including Guernica by Picasso.

Madrid enjoys more cloudless days than almost any other city in Europe.

Madrid has two main railway stations: Chamartín (north) and Atocha (south)

The airport of Madrid is called Barajas and is just outside the city.

According to FIFA, Real Madrid FC is the world's most successful football club of the 20th century Their stadium is called Bernabéu, and is located in Chamartín in the North of Madrid. The capacity is 85,000 spectators. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin.

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